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Faculty Image F. Richard Hauer
Office: Davidson Honors College 007 / Flathead Lake Biological Station
Phone: (406) 243-4848
Email: ric.hauer@umontana.edu
Website: Click Here

 

Current Position:

Professor of Systems Ecology

UM Director of the Montana Institute on Ecosystems

Research Interests:

My research interests encompass the fields of stream and wetland ecology. By the nature of its scope, aquatic ecology spans a broad array of subdisciplines such as geomorphology, hydrology, nutrient cycling, bioenergetics, energy flow through food webs, and population and community ecology. The continuing goal of my research is a synthesis of these many areas of organismal biology and ecology and their application toward holistic understanding of stream and wetland environments. This goal has led me to investigate a broad range of topics, for example the interaction of temperature and stream hydrologic cycles on growth and production of stream invertebrates; nutrient and organic matter dynamics in disturbed stream systems; the role of large wood debris in bull trout spawning habitat; and the role of hydrology and geomorphology on wetland vegetation structure and function.

Teaching Interests

Teaching has always been an important part of my professional life. I have taught across a range of students and courses from General Biology for non-majors to upper level undergraduate and graduate level courses in Stream Ecology and Limnology. I find teaching to be exciting and a new challenge each year with a different cohort of students with varied personalities and backgrounds. Currently, I teach stream ecology each summer at Flathead Lake Biological Station, and have done so since summer 1983. Teaching stream ecology within the Flathead Lake Biological Station teaching environment stimulated the conception and development of the book Methods in Stream Ecology, which I co-edited with my colleague, Dr. Gary Lamberti.

Education:

BS 1973 Michigan State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife.
MS 1975 Michigan State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife.
Ph.D. 1980 University of North Texas, Limnology and Stream Ecology.

Teaching Experience:

2001-2014 Professor of Limnology: Flathead Lake Biological Station University of Montana
 27 years teaching Stream Ecology at FLBS - other courses; limnology, wetland ecology

1986-2001 Research Professor: Flathead Lake Biological Station University of Montana

Professional Experience:

2011-present Director, Montana Institute on Ecosystems at University of Montana

2001-2014 Professor of Limnology: Flathead Lake Biological Station University of Montana

1994-2001 Research Professor: Flathead Lake Biological Station University of Montana

1991-1996 Director, Leland Schoonover Freshwater Research Laboratory University of Montana

1989-1994 Associate Research Professor: Flathead Lake Biological Station University of Montana

1986-1989 Assistant Research Professor: Flathead Lake Biological Station University of Montana

1984-1985 Postdoctoral Research Fellowship University of Alabama

1981-1984 Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: Institute of Ecology - SREL University of Georgia

1976-1980 Graduate Fellow/Research Assistant: Department of Biological Sciences University of North Texas

1973-1975 Research Assistant: Michigan State University Department of Fisheries and Wildlife

Selected Publications:

Hauer, F. R. and C. C. Muhlfeld. 2010. Compelling science saves a river valley. Science 327(5973):1576.

Stanford, J. A., F. R. Hauer, S. V. Gregory and E. B. Snyder. 2010. Columbia River Basin, pp. 258–283. IN:  Benke, A. C. and C. E. Cushing (eds.), Field Guide to Rivers of North America. Elsevier, San Diego, California. 459 pp.

Stein, E. D., M. Brinson, M. C. Rains, W. Kleindl and F. R. Hauer. 2010. A response to Tom Hruby. Wetlands Science and Practice 27(1):8–9

Muhlfeld, C.C., J. J. Giersch, F. R. Hauer, G. T. Pederson, G. Luikart, D. P. Peterson, C. C. Downs, and D. B. Fagre. 2011. Climate change links fate of glaciers and an endemic alpine invertebrate. Climatic Change 106:337-345.

Smith M.G., S.R. Parker, C.H. Gammons, S.R. Poulson, and F.R. Hauer. 2011. Tracing dissolved O2 and dissolved inorganic carbon stable isotope dynamics in the Nyack aquifer: Middle Fork Flathead River, Montana, USA. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (2011), doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.07.033

Mouw, J. E. B., J. L. Chaffin, D. C. Whited, F. R. Hauer, P. L. Matson, and J. A. Stanford. 2013. Recruitment and successional dynamics diversify the shifting habitat mosaic of an Alaskan floodplain. River Research and Applications 29:671–685.

Lorang, M. S., F. R. Hauer, D. C. Whited, and P. L. Matson. 2013. Using airborne remote-sensing imagery to assess flow releases from a dam in order to maximize renaturalization of a regulated gravel-bed river. Pages 117–132 in J. V. D. Graff and J. E. Evans, editors. The Challenges of Dam Removal and River Restoration Geological Society of America Reviews in Engineering Geology.
 

Other Publications:

2013 Lorang, M. S., F. R. Hauer, D. C. Whited, and P. L. Matson. 2013. Using airborne remote-sensing imagery to assess flow releases from a dam in order to maximize renaturalization of a regulated gravel-bed river. Pages 117–132 in J. V. D. Graff and J. E. Evans, editors. The Challenges of Dam Removal and River Restoration Geological Society of America Reviews in Engineering Geology.

2013 Mouw, J. E. B., J. L. Chaffin, D. C. Whited, F. R. Hauer, P. L. Matson, and J. A. Stanford. 2013. Recruitment and successional dynamics diversify the shifting habitat mosaic of an Alaskan floodplain. River Research and Applications 29:671–685.

2011 Smith M.G., S.R. Parker, C.H. Gammons, S.R. Poulson, and F.R. Hauer. 2011. Tracing dissolved O2 and dissolved inorganic carbon stable isotope dynamics in the Nyack aquifer: Middle Fork Flathead River, Montana, USA. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (2011), doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.07.033

2011 Muhlfeld, C.C., J. J. Giersch, F. R. Hauer, G. T. Pederson, G. Luikart, D. P. Peterson, C. C. Downs, and D. B. Fagre. 2011. Climate change links fate of glaciers and an endemic alpine invertebrate. Climatic Change 106:337-345

2010 Stein, E. D., M. Brinson, M. C. Rains, W. Kleindl and F. R. Hauer. 2010. A response to Tom Hruby. Wetlands Science and Practice 27(1):8–9

2010 Stanford, J. A., F. R. Hauer, S. V. Gregory and E. B. Snyder. 2010. Columbia River Basin, pp. 258–283. IN:  Benke, A. C. and C. E. Cushing (eds.), Field Guide to Rivers of North America. Elsevier, San Diego, California. 459 pp

2010 Hauer, F. R. and C. C. Muhlfeld. 2010. Compelling science saves a river valley. Science 327(5973):1576.

2010 Meier, C. I. and F. R. Hauer. 2010. Strong effect of coarse surface layer on moisture within gravel bars: Results from an outdoor experiment. Water Resources Research 46(W05507):10 pp.DOI 10.1029/2008WR007250

2009 Stein, E. D., M. Brinson, M. C. Rains, W. Kleindl and F. R. Hauer. 2009. Wetland assessment alphabet soup: How to choose (or not choose) the right assessment method. Wetland Science and Practice 26(4):20–25

2008 Wyatt, K.H., F.R. Hauer, and G.F. Pessoney. 2008. Benthic algal response to hyporheic-surface water exchange in an alluvial river. Hydrobiologia 607: 151-161.

2007 Cook, B.J. and F.R. Hauer. 2007.  An intermontane depressional wetland landscape: effects of hydrologic connectivity on water chemistry, soils and vegetation structure and function.  Wetlands 27(3): 719-738. 

2007 Hauer, F. R., J. A. Stanford and M.S. Lorang. 2007. Pattern and process in northern Rocky Mountain headwaters: Ecological linkages in the headwaters of the Crown of the Continent.  Journal of the American Water Resources Association: 43(1) 104-117.

2007 Whited, D.C., M. S. Lorang, M. J. Harner F. R. Hauer, J. S. Kimball and J. A. Stanford. 2007. Climate, hydrologic disturbance, and succession: drivers of floodplain pattern. Ecology: Vol. 88, No. 4, pp. 940–953.

2007 Hauer, F. R., J. A. Stanford, M. S. Lorang, B. K. Ellis, and J. A. Craft. 2007. Aquatic Ecosystem Health. p117-134. (IN T. Prato and D. Fagre, Eds). Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C. p.321.

2006 Lorang, M. S. and  F.R. Hauer. 2006. Fluvial Geomorphic Processes. pp. 145-168. IN F. R. Hauer and G. A Lamberti (eds). Methods in Stream Ecology 2nd Edition.  Academic Press/Elsevier. New York.  p 877.

2006 Hauer, F. R. and W. R. Hill. 2006. Temperature, Light and Oxygen. pp. 103-117. IN F. R. Hauer and G. A Lamberti (eds). Methods in Stream Ecology 2nd Edition.  Academic Press/Elsevier. New York.  p 877.

2006 Hauer, F. R. and V. H. Resh. 2006. Macroinvertebrates. pp. 435-464. IN F. R. Hauer and G. A Lamberti (eds). Methods in Stream Ecology 2nd Edition.  Academic Press/Elsevier. New York.  p 877.

2005 Stanford, J. A., M. S. Lorang, and F. R. Hauer. 2005. The Shifting Habitat Mosaic of River Ecosystems. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 29:123-136.

2005 Lorang, M. S., D. C. Whited, F. R. Hauer, J. S. Kimball, J. A. Stanford.  2005. Using airborne multispectral imagery to evaluate geomorphic work across flood plains of gravel-bed rivers.  Ecological Applications: Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 1209–1222.

2005 Stanford, J.A., F.R. Hauer, S.V. Gregory, and E. Snyder. 2005. The Columbia River. IN: Benke, A.C. and C.E. Cushing (eds.), Rivers of North America.  Elsevier Press.

2004 Karr, J. R.,  J. J. Rhodes, G. W. Minshall, F. R. Hauer, R. L. Beschta, C. A. Frissell, D. A. Perry, and J. B. Kauffman.  2004. Postfire salvage logging and aquatic ecosystems in the American West.  BioScience 54(11):1029-1033.2004 Hauer, F. R. and M.S. Lorang. 2004. River regulation, decline of ecological resources, and potential for restoration in a semi-arid lands river in the western USA. Aquat. Sci. 66:388–401. 

2003 Beschta, R. L., J. J. Rhodes, J. B. Kauffman, R. E. Gresswell, G. W. Minshall, J. R. Karr, D. A. Perry, F.R. Hauer, and C. A. Frissell. 2004. Postfire management on forested public lands of the western USA. Conservation Biology 18 (4): 957-967. 

2003 Lorang, M. S. and  F.R. Hauer. 2003. Flow competence evaluation of steambed stability: An assessment of the technique and limitations of application J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 22(4): 475-491.

2003 Baxter, C. V. and F. R. Hauer, and W. W. Woessner. 2003. New techniques for installing piezometers, estimating hydraulic conductivity and detecting patterns in groundwater-stream water exchange. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 132 (3): 493-502.

2003 Hauer, F. R., D. B. Fagre and J. A. Stanford. 2003. Hydrologic processes and nutrient dynamics in a pristine mountain catchment. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 28(3):1490-1493.

2003 Hauer, F. R., C. N. Dahm, G. A. Lamberti and J. A. Stanford. 2003. Landscapes and ecological variability of rivers in North America: factors affecting restoration strategies, pp. IN: Wissmar, R. C. and P. A. Bisson (ed.), Strategies for Restoring River Ecosystems: Sources of Variability and Uncertainty in Natural and Managed Systems. American Fisheries Society. pp 81-105.

2003 Ellis, B. K., J. A. Stanford, J. A. Craft, D. W. Chess, F. R. Hauer and D. C. Whited. 2003. Plankton communities of alpine and subalpine lakes in Glacier National Park, Montana, U.S.A., 1984 - 1990. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 28(3):1542-1550.

2003 Spencer, C.N., K.O. Gabel, and F.R. Hauer. 2003. Wildfire effects on stream food webs and nutrient dynamics in Glacier National Park, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 178:141-153.

2002 Stafford, C. P., J. A. Stanford, F. R. Hauer and E. B. Brothers. 2002. Changes in lake trout growth associated with Mysis relicta establishment: a retrospective analysis using otoliths. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131:994-1003.

2002 Stevenson, R. J. and F. R. Hauer. 2002. Integrating Hydrogeomorphic and Index of Biotic Integrity approaches for environmental assessment of wetlands. Journal of North American Benthological Society 21(3):502-513.

2002 Pepin, D. M. and F. R. Hauer. 2002. Benthic responses to groundwater - surface water exchange in two alluvial rivers. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 21(3):370-383.

2000 Hauer, F. R., J. A. Stanford, J. J. Giersch, and W. H. Lowe. 2000. Distribution and abundance patterns of macroinvertebrates in a mountain stream: An analysis along multiple environmental gradients. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27:1485-1488.

2000 Baxter, C. V. and F. R. Hauer. 2000. Geomorphology, hyporheic exchange, and selection of spawning habitat by bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 57: 1470-1481.

1999 Lowe, W. H. and F. R. Hauer. 1999. Ecology of two net-spinning caddisflies in a mountain stream: distribution, abundance and metabolic response to a thermal gradient. Can. J. Zool. 77: 1637-1644.

1999 Baxter, C. V., C. A. Frissell, and F. R. Hauer. 1999. Geomorphology, logging roads and the distribution of bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) spawning in a forested river basin: Implications for management and conservation. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 128: 854-867.

1999 Fagre, D. B., C. H. Key, J. D. White, S. W. Running, F. R. Hauer, R. E. Keane, and K. C. Ryan. 1999. Ecosystem dynamics in the Northern Rocky Mountains, USA. Pp 20-22. IN M. F. Price (ed). Global Change in the Mountains: Proceedings of the European Conference on Environmental and Societal Change in Mountain Regions. The Parthenon Publishing Group, Oxford, England.�

1999 Hauer, F. R., G. C. Poole, J. T. Gangemi, and C. V. Baxter. 1999. Large woody debris in bull trout spawning streams of logged and wilderness watersheds in northwest Montana. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56:915-924.

1998 Hauer, F. R. and C. N. Spencer. 1998. Phosphorus and nitrogen dynamics in streams associated with wildfire: a study of immediate and long-term effects. Int. J. Wildl. Fire 8:183-198.

1998 Tabacchi, E., D. L. Correll, F. R. Hauer, G. Pinay, A. Planty-Tabacchi, and R. C. Wissmar. 1998. Development, maintenance and role of riparian vegetation in the river landscape. Freshwater Biology 40:497-516.

1998 Hauer, F. R. and R. D. Smith. 1998. The hydrogeomorphic approach to functional assessment of riparian wetlands: evaluating impacts and mitigation on river floodplains in the U.S.A. Freshwater Biology 40:517-530.

1997 Hauer, F. R., J. S. Baron, D. H. Campbell, K. D. Fausch, S. W. Hostetler, G. H. Leavesley, P. R. Leavitt, D. M. McKnight, and J. A. Stanford. 1997. Assessment of climate change and freshwater ecosystems of the Rocky Mountains, U.S. and Canada. Hydrologic Processes 11:903-924.

1997 Fagre D. B., P. L. Comanor, J. D. White, F. R. Hauer, and S. W. Running. 1997. Watershed responses to climate change in Glacier National Park. J. Amer. Water Res. Assoc. 33:755-765.

1996 Hauer, F. R. and W. R. Hill. 1996. Temperature, Light and Oxygen. pp. 93-108. IN F. R. Hauer and G. A Lamberti (eds). Methods in Stream Ecology. Academic Press. New York. p 674.

1996 Hauer, F. R. and V. H. Resh. 1996. Benthic Macroinvertebrates. pp. 339-370. IN F. R. Hauer and G. A Lamberti (eds). Methods in Stream Ecology. Academic Press. New York. p 674.

1993 Jourdonnais, J.H. and F.R. Hauer. 1993. Electrical frequency control and its effects on flow and river ecology in the lower Flathead River, Montana. Rivers 4(2) 132-145.

1993 Hauer, F.R. 1993. Artificial streams for the study of macroinvertebrate growth and bioenergetics. Pages 333-337 in G.A. Lamberti and A.D. Steinman (editors). Research in artificial streams: applications, uses, and abuses. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 12:313-384.

1992 Hall, C.A.S., J.A. Stanford, and F.R. Hauer. 1992. The distribution and abundance of organisms as a consequence of energy balances along multiple environmental gradients. Oikos 65:377-390.

1992 Lorang, M.S., J.A. Stanford, F.R. Hauer, and J.H. Jourdonnais. 1992. Dissipative and reflective beaches in a large lake and the physical effects of lake level regulation. Ocean and Coastal Management 19:1-25.

1992 Stanford, J. A. and F. R. Hauer. 1992. Mitigating the impacts of stream and lake regulation in the Flathead River catchment, Montana, USA: an ecosystem perspective. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 2:35-63.

1992 Benke, A. C., F. R. Hauer, D. L. Stites, J. L. Meyer and R. T. Edwards. 1992. Growth of snag-dwelling mayflies in a blackwater river: the influence of temperature and food. Archiv f. Hydrobiologie 125(1):63-81.

1991 Hauer, F. R. and J.A. Stanford. 1991. Distribution and abundance of Trichoptera in a large regulated river. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24: 1636-1639.

1991 Spencer, C. N. and F. R. Hauer. 1991. Phosphorus and nitrogen dynamics in streams during a wildfire. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 10(1): 24-30.

1991 Hauer, F. R. and A.C. Benke. 1991. Rapid growth of snag-dwelling chironomids in a blackwater river: the influence of temperature and discharge. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 10(2): 154-164.

1990 Sedell, J. R., G. H. Reeves, F. R. Hauer, J. A. Stanford and C. P. Hawkins. 1990. Role of refugia in recovery from disturbances - modern fragmented and disconnected river systems. Environmental Management 14(5):711-724.

1990 Jourdonnais, J. H., J. A. Stanford, F. R. Hauer, and C. A. S. Hall. 1990. Assessing options for stream regulation using hydrologic simulations and cumulative impact analysis: Flathead River Basin, U.S.A. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 5:279-293.

1989 Hauer, F .R., J. A. Stanford, and J. V. Ward. 1989. Serial discontinuities in a Rocky Mountain river. II. Distribution and abundance of Trichoptera. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 3:177-182.

1989 Hauer, F.R. 1989. Organic matter transport and retention in a blackwater stream recovering from flow augmentation and thermal discharge. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 4: 371-380.

1988 Stanford, J. A., F. R. Hauer, and J. V. Ward. 1988. Serial discontinuity in a large river system. Vehr. Int. Verein. Limnol. 23:1114-1118.

1988 Power, M.E., C.E. Cushing, P.P. Harper, F.R. Hauer, W.J. Matthews, P.B. Moyle, B. Statzner, R.J. Stout, and I.R. Wais De Badgen. 1988. Biotic and abiotic controls in river and stream communities. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 7(4):456-479.

1987 Hauer, F.R. and A.C. Benke. 1987. Influence of temperature and river hydrograph on blackfly growth rates in a subtropical blackwater river. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 6(4):251-261.

1986 Hauer, F. R., N. L. Poff, and P. L. Firth. 1986. Leaf litter decomposition across broad thermal gradients in southeastern (USA) coastal plain streams and swamps. J. Freshwat. Ecol. 3(4): 545-552.

1986 Hauer, F. R. and J. A. Stanford. 1986. Ecology and coexistence of two functionally independent species of Brachycentrus (TRICHOPTERA) in a Rocky Mountain river. Can. J. Zool. 64:1469-1474.

1985 Thorp, J. H., E. M. McEwan, M. F. Flynn, and F. R. Hauer. 1985. Invertebrate colonization of submerged wood in a Cypress-Tupelo swamp and blackwater stream. Amer. Midl. Nat. ll3(l):56-68.

1982 Hauer, F. R. and J. A. Stanford. 1982. Ecological responses of hydropsychid caddisflies to stream regulation. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 39:l235-l242.

1982 Hauer, F. R. and J. A. Stanford. 1982. Bionomics of Dicosmoecus gilvipes (TRICHOPTERA: Limnephilidae) in a large western Montane river. Amer. Midl. Nat. l08(l):8l-87.

1982 Hauer, F. R. and J. A. Stanford. 1982. Ecology and life histories of three net-spinning caddisfly species (Hydropschidae:Hydropsyche) in the Flathead River, Montana. Freshwat. Invertebr. Biol. l(4):l8-29.

1981 Hauer, F. R. and J. A. Stanford. 1981. Larval specialization and phenotypic variation in Arctopsyche grandis (TRICHOPTERA:Hydropsychidae). Ecology. 62(3):645-653.

1980 Hauer, F. R., E. G. Zimmerman and J. A. Stanford. 1980. Preliminary investigations of distributional relationships of aquatic insects and genetic variation of a fish population in the Kintla Drainage, Glacier National Park, Montana. Amer. Inst. Biol. Sci. 2:71-84.