We use scientific methods to study the physical processes that shape our planet. We have two areas of special focus: water and earth. In both areas, we analyze how earth materials such as water, minerals, sediments and rocks, and energy move and change. These are the dynamic processes that distribute critical resources and form landscapes.
In the area of water science, we focus on the water cycle. We study glaciers and ice sheets and how they move and flow and impact climate, groundwater systems and interactions with surface water, and rivers and their relationship to the landscape. For more details, please see the water research pages.
In the area of solid earth science, we focus on the outermost rocky layer of the planet, the lithosphere. We study its rocks and minerals, how it has moved and rearranged itself through time, the record of erosion and deposition, the evolution of life, and present-day hazards such as earthquakes and volcanoes. For more details, please see the solid earth research pages.