2001 First Topics
The Government of Angola and the opposition force, the
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), have been
engaged in an intermittent, devastating civil war since the country's
independence in 1975. This is Africa's longest running civil war. Angola
is in dire need of viable steps toward peace.
The world cannot ignore the conflicts in the Middle East, particularly
those between the Israelis and the Palestinians. It is time to face
the fact that these are problems with global consequences, and the
international community must begin considering practical solutions.
Landmines lie at the fore of important disarmament issues today. Millions
of landmines litter the ground in war-torn areas. Thirty years after
their use in the Viet-Nam war, land mines continue to kill and mutilate
innocent victims. Disarming these weapons proves to be an expensive
and overwhelmingly time-consuming task. Meanwhile, some countries continue
to produce them.
on Human Rights:
Violations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights have been
and continue to be committed on a regular basis in the Israel/Palestine
conflict. Both sides have been accused of such violations. It is the
duty of the international community to pay special attention to these
atrocities and to work to put an end to them.
on the Status of Women:
Trafficking of Women
Trafficking in persons is a fundamental and crucially important challenge
in the areas of human rights and law enforcement. Based on reliable
estimates, as the American Congress has noted, at least 700,000 persons,
especially women, are trafficked each year across international boarders.
They are stripped of fundamental human rights, and need to be protected.
Intellectual Property Organization:
The Internet-Jurisdiction and
The Internet is multi-jurisdictional. Users can access the Internet
from almost any place on Earth. Because of packet-switching technology
and the complex weave of digital networks and telecommunications infrastructure,
digitized information may travel through various countries and jurisdictions,
each with its own legal system, in order to reach its destination. In
light of the impact of this international medium on a world made up
of separate countries, the jurisdictional issues loom large, especially
in the context of intellectual property.
of African Unity:
HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and other Related
Over the years, a lot of commitments have been made by Member States
in attempts to control these diseases. However, most of the commitments
have not been translated into concrete actions and the diseases continue
to constitute a challenge for the continent. Stakeholders have also
realized that leadership, commitment, resources and poverty alleviation
are the key to control of infectious diseases in Africa.