PSCI 501 Public Administration Syllabus
Master of Public Administration Program
Fall 2012 / Mondays in LA 337 at 4:10 p.m.
Office: LA 356 / Office Hours: M, 3 - 4 p.m. and T, Th, 2 - 2:30 p.m.
This syllabus has been adjusted to use the 8/e and 9/e of the Stillman text.
COURSE DESCRIPTION & OBJECTIVES
This course is designed to allow students to develop an understanding of public administration as a field of academic study and an area of professional practice. This course is considered to be the "foundations class" for the MPA program. Specifically, it focuses on the evolution of public administration as an academic discipline and a profession in the real world, the context in which public administration takes place, the meaning of public service in a democratic society, and the importance of personal and professional ethics. The course will be conducted as a seminar. Students must be prepared to discuss reading assignments and participate in analysis of case studies.
1) Knowledge of public
administration as a field of study
Assessment of these competencies will be based on evaluating contributions to class discussions, five article summaries, and two papers (described below).
REQUIRED TEXTS: There are 4 required books
Administration: Concepts and Cases. 9/e by Richard Stillman
Public Administration in the New Century by Jeffrey Greene
Bureaucracy by James Q. Wilson
of Public Administration (5/e, 6/e, or 7/e may be used; the
syllabus uses the 6/e) edited by Shafritz & Hyde. There are minimal
differences between the editions and copies of the 4/e and 5/e will be placed
on reserve in the Mansfield Library. The UC
Bookstore will have the 7/e. Most of the
articles are also available online in the library using JSTOR.
The requirements for the class includes reading James Q. Wilson's Bureaucracy, writing article summaries from Classics of Public Administration, and writing two five-page papers (described below). The structure of the course is simple. Each week the class will focus on one major concept of public administration that will be illustrated in the readings and any assigned articles. The case study approach will be used to highlight the concepts. STUDENTS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL ASSIGNED READINGS. After completing the course, students should understand the major concepts of public administration included in this course.
New Grading System at UM
Please note that the University of Montana now uses a Plus/Minus grading system. That is, you can receive an A, A-, B+, B, B- and so on. There is not an A+ in the grading system.
To accommodate the Plus/Minus system a new grading scale will be used. In PSCI 501 grades will be assigned based on the following grading scale. This scale and system is more complex than the system used in the past but rewards As only to those students whose performance in the class is "exceptional."
Write a five-page paper on the following assignments. The papers are due the last session.
Article Summary Guidelines
The Shafritz and Hyde text contains a variety of articles. Articles will be assigned to individuals on the first night of class. The summaries constitute 20 percent of one’s final grade. You only have to write and present summaries for the articles assigned to you and bring copies of summaries for the class.
There are some specific questions one should consider while reading the article and developing a summary.
1. What is the major subject and theme of the article?
2. What is the major question the author addresses?
3. What major points does the author make?
4. What does the author conclude? What suggestions are made?
5. What is the relevance of the article to theory or practice?
Click here for a sample Article Summary
James Q. Wilson's book, Bureaucracy.
All students are required to read James Q. Wilson's, Bureaucracy. The book will be discussed later in the semester.
There is not a formal, written exam in this class.
Autumn 2012 Semester Dates
READING ASSIGNMENTS AND CLASS OUTLINE
Session 1 Introduction (No readings assigned -- August 27)
This is an introductory session; there are no readings assigned
Session 2 No Class -- Labor Day Weekend (September 3)
Session 3 The Search for the Scope and Purpose of Public Administration (September 10)
Stillman: Chapter 1
"The Study of Administration" by Wilson __________
"The Study of Public Administration in the United States" by Stillman __________
Case Study: "The Blast in Centralia No. 5" by Martin
Greene: Chapters 1 and 2, Introduction to Public Administration and An Overview and History of the Discipline
NOTE: The photo of Max Weber in the text in incorrect. Click here for a photo of Max Weber
Shafritz and Hyde:
"Public Administration and the Separation of Powers" by Rosenbloom __________
"Introduction to the Study of Public Administration," by White ___________
"Notes of a Theory of Organization," by Gulick __________
"The Proverbs of Administration," by Simon ____________
PART ONE: The Pattern of Public Administration in America: Its Environment, Structure, and People
Session 4 The Formal Structure: The Concept of Bureaucracy (September 17)
Stillman: Chapter 2
"Bureaucracy" by Weber __________
Case Study: "How Kristin Died" by Lardner
Greene: Chapter 3, The Bureaucracy
Shafritz and Hyde:
"Street-Level Bureaucracy: The Critical Role of Street-Level Bureaucrats" by Lipsky __________
"The Life Cycle of Bureaus" by Downs __________
"Organizations of the Future" by Bennis __________
"Bureaucratic Structure and Personality," by Merton ___________
"The Administrative State," by Waldo ______________
Session 5 The General Environment: The Concept of Ecology (September 24)
Stillman: Chapter 3
"The Ecology of Public Administration" by Gaus __________
Case Study: "Dr. Helene Gayle and the AIDS Epidemic," by Riccucci
9/e: "William Robertson: Exemplar of Politics and Public Management Rightly
Understood" by Terry L. Cooper and Thomas A. Bryer
"Government is Different" by Appleby __________
"Scientific Management" by Taylor __________
"The Giving of Orders," by Follett _____________
"Politics and Administration," by Goodnow _____________
The Political Environment: The Concept of Administrative Power
Stillman: Chapter 4
"Power and Administration" by Long __________
Case Study: "The Columbia Accident" by Casamayou
Shafritz and Hyde:
"Democracy and the Public Service" by Mosher __________
"The End of Liberalism: The Indictment" by Lowi __________
"Administration Decentralization and Political Power," by Kaufman ___________
6 Intergovernmental Relations: The Concept of IGR as Interdependence,
Complexity, and Bargaining (
Stillman: Chapter 5
"American Intergovernmental Relations: An Overview" by O’Toole __________
"From Cooperative to Opportunistic Federalism" by Conlan __________ (9/e)
Case Study: "Wichita Confronts Contamination" by Rosegrant
Shafritz and Hyde:
"Understanding Intergovernmental Relations" by Wright __________
"The American System," by Grodzins _____________
"Federalism, Intergovernmental Relations, and Intergovernmental Management....," Wright ____________
Article about New Orleans
Many point to Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Gulf Coast as a perfect example of weaknesses and failures in federalism and intergovernmental relations. I enjoyed reading the following article about New Orleans and Katrina. A case study about Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans will likely appear in the next Stillman text. I would be surprised if it did not appear. This article, from City Journal, is an interesting account of New Orleans. It is called "Who is killing New Orleans," by
7 Internal Dynamics: The Concept of the Informal Group (
Stillman: Chapter 6
"Hawthorne and the Western Electric Company" by Mayo __________
Case Study: "American Ground: Unbuilding the World Trade Center," by Langewieche
Shafritz and Hyde:
"Informal Organizations and Their Relationship to the Formal Organization," by Bernard _____________
Key Decision-Makers Inside Public Bureaucracy: The Concept of Competing Bureaucratic Subsystems
Stillman: Chapter 7
"Inside Public Bureaucracy" by Stillman __________
Case Study: "The Decision to Go to War with Iraq," by Pfiffner
Greene: Chapter 4, Organizational Theory and Behavior (Note this chapter will be used several times)
PART TWO: The Multiple Functions of Public Administrators: Their Major Activities, Responsibilities, and Roles.
8 Decision-Making: The Concept of Incremental Choice (
"The Science of Muddling Through" by Lindblom __________
Case Study: "The MOVE Disaster" by Nagel
9/e: How A City Slowly Drowned by Michael Grunwald
and Susan B. Glasser
Stillman: Chapter 10
"Galloping Elephants: Developing Elements of a Theory of Effective Government Organization" by Rainey and Steinbauer __________
Case Study: "The Lessons from ValuJet 592" by Langewiesche
"Collaborative Processes: Inside the Black Box" by Anne Marie Thomson and James L. Perry __________ (9/e)
9/e: "Government as a Catalyst: Can It Work Again with Wireless Internet
Access" by Abhijit Jain, Munir
Mandviwalla, and Rajiv D. Banker
"The Cooptative Mechanism," by Selznick ____________
“Understanding Organizational Culture” by Ott _________
Greene: Chapter 4, Organizational Theory and Behavior
9 Public Personnel Motivation: The Concept of the Public Service Culture (
Stillman: Chapter 11
"The Public Service Culture" by Wise __________
Case Study: "Who Brought Bernadine Healy Down?" by Sontag
Greene: Chapter 5, Personnel Administration
Shafritz and Hyde:
"A Theory of Motivation" by Maslow __________
"The Human Side of Enterprise" by McGregor __________
"Representative Bureaucracy" by Krislov __________
"From Affirmative Action to Affirming Diversity," by Thomas _______________
10 Public Budgeting: The Concept of Budgeting as Political Choice (
Stillman: Chapter 12
"The Politics of Public Budgets" by Rubin __________
Case Study: "Wisconsin's Budget Deficit," by Conant
9/e: "Death of a Spy Satellite Program" by Philip Taubman
"The Lack of a Budgetary Theory" by Key _________
"Public Budgeting Amidst Uncertainty and Instability" by Caiden __________
"The Movement for Budgetary Reform in the States," by Willoughby ___________
Greene: Chapter 6, Public Budgeting
PART THREE: Enduring and Unresolved Relationships: Central Value Questions, Issues, and Dilemmas of Contemporary Public Administration
Session 11 No class on November 12 due to Veterans’ Day Holiday
12 The Relationship Between Politics and Administration: The Concept of Issue
Stillman: Chapter 14
"Issue Networks and the Executive Establishment" by Helco __________
Case Study: "Reinventing School Lunch: Transforming a Food Policy into a Nutrition Policy" by Sims
The Relationship Between Bureaucracy and the Public Interest: The Concept of Public Sector Deregulation
Stillman: Chapter 15
"Bureaucracy and the Public Interest" by Wilson __________
"Public Policy and the Nature of Administrative Responsibility" by Carl J. Friedrich __________ (9/e)
Case Study: "The Human Genome Project," by Lambright
Case Study 9/e: "Torture as Public Policy" by James P. Pfiffner
Shafritz and Hyde:
"In Pursuit of the Public Interest" by Lewis __________
"Public and Private Management...," by Lindblom ____________
"A Public Manager for All Seasons," by Hood ____________
"How does an Idea's Time Come?" by Kingdon ______________
"Policy Paradox: The Art of Political Decision Making," by Stone ___________
"Systematic Thinking for Social Action," by Rivlin _____________
Greene: Chapter 7, Public Policy
13 The Relationship Between Ethics and Public Administration: The Concept of
Ethical Obligations (
Stillman: Chapter 16
"Public Administration and Ethics: A Prologue to a Preface" by Waldo __________
Case Study: "The Case of the Butterfly Ballot," by Montjoy and Slaton
Case Study 9/e: "George Tenet and the Last Great Days of the CIA" by Richard D. White
ASPA Code of Ethics (There is a link at the bottom of the syllabus to the most current version of ASPA's Code of Ethics)
Greene: Chapter 9 Ethics in Public Administration
Shafritz and Hyde:
"Watergate: Implications for Responsible Government" Mosher __________
"The Possibility of Administrative Ethics" by Thompson __________
14 Government Performance (
Greene: Chapter 8
online readings: "Pay
for Performance" by A. C. Hyde (from The Public Manager)
(Read the article in .pdf format on this webpage)
"From Red Tape to Results," National Performance Review ______________
"Exploring the Limits of Privatization," by Moe ___________
Session 15 Discussion of James Q. Wilson's Bureaucracy (December 3)
will focus entirely on Wilson's book. The chapters included in Wilson's book
are shown below and will be assigned to students on the first night of class.
You need to write and turn in a summary of the chapter that you were
assigned. We will go through the book chapter by chapter.
Session 16 Papers and all work is due (December 10; This class is during Exam Week)
Guide (This document was used as a study guide for the
exam. There is no longer an exam in campus or the online version of the
PSCI 501 Public Administration / Fall 2012 / Campus Class